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Involutory-Multiple-Lightweight MDS Matrices based on Cauchy-type Matrices

  • * Corresponding author: Morteza Esmaeili

    * Corresponding author: Morteza Esmaeili
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  • One of the best methods for constructing maximum distance separable ($ \operatorname{MDS} $) matrices is based on making use of Cauchy matrices. In this paper, by using some extensions of Cauchy matrices, we introduce several new forms of $ \operatorname{MDS} $ matrices over finite fields of characteristic 2. A known extension of a Cauchy matrix, called the Cauchy-like matrix, with application in coding theory was introduced in 1985. One of the main contributions of this paper is to apply Cauchy-like matrices to introduce $ 2n \times 2n $ involutory $ \operatorname{MDS} $ matrices in the semi-Hadamard form which is a generalization of the previously known methods. We make use of Cauchy-like matrices to construct multiple $ \operatorname{MDS} $ matrices which can be used in the Feistel structures. We also introduce a new extension of Cauchy matrices to be referred to as Cauchy-light matrices. The introduced Cauchy-light matrices are applied to construct $ n \times n $ $ \operatorname{MDS} $ matrices having at least $ 3n-3 $ entries equal to the unit element $ 1 $; such a matrix is called a lightweight $ \operatorname{MDS} $ matrix and can be used in the lightweight cryptography. A simple closed-form expression is given for the determinant of Cauchy-light matrices.

    Mathematics Subject Classification: Primary: 94A60, 11T71; Secondary: 14G50.


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