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Imperfect bifurcations in nonlinear elliptic equations on spherical caps

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  • We consider elliptic boundary value problems on large spherical caps with parameter dependent power nonlinearities. In this paper we show that imperfect bifurcation occurs as in the work [13]. When the domain is the whole sphere, there is a constant solution. In the case where the domain is a spherical cap, however, the constant solution disappears due to the boundary condition. For large spherical caps we construct solutions which are close to the constant solution in the whole n-dimensional sphere, using the eigenvalues of the linearized problem in the whole sphere and fixed point arguments based on a Lyapunov-Schmidt type reduction. Numerically there is a surprising similarity between the diagrams of this problem and the ones obtained in [18], also [5], for a Brezis-Nirenberg type problem on spherical caps.
    Mathematics Subject Classification: Primary: 35J25; Secondary: 47J25, 58C99.


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