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Schrödinger-like operators and the eikonal equation

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  • Let $V$ be a real-valued function of class $C^5$ on $\mathbb{R}^n$, $n \geq 2$, and suppose that $\partial^\alpha V(x)=O(|x|^{-|\alpha|})$, as $|x| \to \infty$, for $|\alpha| \leq 5$. For $\lambda > 0$ we set $W_\lambda(x) = 1-(V(x)/\lambda)$ and consider the Schrödinger-like operator $\mathcal{H}_\lambda=W_\lambda^{-{1/2}} H_0 W_\lambda^{-{1/2}}$ acting on $L^2(\mathbb{R}^n)$, where $H_0=-\Delta$ is the classical laplacian on $\mathbb{R}^n$. Using properties of the maximal solution to the eikonal equation $|\nabla S_\lambda|^2=W_\lambda$, for $\lambda$ sufficiently large we establish the behavior of $(\mathcal{H}_\lambda-z^2)^{-1}$ as Im $z\downarrow 0$ in the framework of Besov Spaces $B(\mathbb{R}^n)$. For $k\in \mathbb{R}\setminus\{0\}$ and $f\in B(\mathbb{R}^n)$ we find the unique solution to $-\Delta u-k^2 W_\lambda u = f $ on $\mathbb{R}^n$ that satisfies a certain radiation condition. These results can be applied to the study of the scattering theory of the Schrödinger operator $H=-\Delta+V$.
    Mathematics Subject Classification: Primary: 35P25, 81U99, 47A40; Secondary: 46C99.

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