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Estimates on the dimension of a global attractor for a semilinear dissipative wave equation on $\mathbb R^N$

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  • We discuss estimates of the Hausdorff and fractal dimension of a global attractor for the semilinear wave equation

    $u_{t t} +\delta u_t -\phi (x)\Delta u + \lambda f(u) = \eta (x), x \in \mathbb R^N, t \geq 0,$

    with the initial conditions $ u(x,0) = u_0 (x)$ and $u_t(x,0) = u_1 (x),$ where $N \geq 3$, $\delta >0$ and $(\phi (x))^{-1}:=g(x)$ lies in $L^{N/2}(\mathbb R^N)\cap L^\infty (\mathbb R^N)$. The energy space $\mathcal X_0=\mathcal D^{1,2}(\mathbb R^N) \times L_g^2(\mathbb R^N)$ is introduced, to overcome the difficulties related with the non-compactness of operators, which arise in unbounded domains. The estimates on the Hausdorff dimension are in terms of given parameters, due to an asymptotic estimate for the eigenvalues $\mu$ of the eigenvalue problem $-\phi(x)\Delta u=\mu u, x \in \mathbb R^N$.

    Mathematics Subject Classification: 35B40, 35B41, 35L15, 37L30.


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