# American Institute of Mathematical Sciences

May  2015, 35(5): 1843-1872. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2015.35.1843

## A variational approach to reaction-diffusion equations with forced speed in dimension 1

 1 Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Univ Paris 06, UMR 7598, Laboratoire Jacques-Louis Lions, F-75005, Paris, France, France

Received  October 2013 Revised  October 2014 Published  December 2014

We investigate in this paper a scalar reaction diffusion equation with a nonlinear reaction term depending on $x-ct$. Here, $c$ is a prescribed parameter modelling the speed of climate change and we wonder whether a population will survive or not, that is, we want to determine the large-time behaviour of the associated solution.
This problem has been solved recently when the nonlinearity is of KPP type. We consider in the present paper general reaction terms, that are only assumed to be negative at infinity. Using a variational approach, we construct two thresholds $0<\underline{c}\leq \overline{c} <\infty$ determining the existence and the non-existence of travelling waves. Numerics support the conjecture $\underline{c}=\overline{c}$. We then prove that any solution of the initial-value problem converges at large times, either to $0$ or to a travelling wave. In the case of bistable nonlinearities, where the steady state $0$ is assumed to be stable, our results lead to constrasting phenomena with respect to the KPP framework. Lastly, we illustrate our results and discuss several open questions through numerics.
Citation: Juliette Bouhours, Grégroie Nadin. A variational approach to reaction-diffusion equations with forced speed in dimension 1. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A, 2015, 35 (5) : 1843-1872. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2015.35.1843
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