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Global bounded solutions of the higher-dimensional Keller-Segel system under smallness conditions in optimal spaces

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  • In this paper, the fully parabolic Keller-Segel system \begin{equation}\label{problemAbstract}\left\{\begin{array}{ll} u_t=\Delta u-\nabla\cdot(u\nabla v), &(x,t)\in \Omega\times (0,T),\\ v_t=\Delta v-v+u, &(x,t)\in\Omega\times (0,T),\\ \end{array}\right.\tag{$\star$} \end{equation} is considered under Neumann boundary conditions in a bounded domain $\Omega\subset\mathbb{R}^n$ with smooth boundary, where $n\ge 2$. We derive a smallness condition on the initial data in optimal Lebesgue spaces which ensure global boundedness and large time convergence. More precisely, we shall show that one can find $\varepsilon_0>0$ such that for all suitably regular initial data $(u_0,v_0)$ satisfying $\|u_0\|_{L^{\frac{n}{2}}(\Omega)}<\varepsilon_0$ and $\|\nabla v_0\|_{L^{n}(\Omega)}<\varepsilon_0$, the above problem possesses a global classical solution which is bounded and converges to the constant steady state $(m,m)$ with $m:=\frac{1}{|\Omega|}\int_\Omega u_0$.
        Our approach allows us to furthermore study a general chemotaxis system with rotational sensitivity in dimension 2, which is lacking the natural energy structure associated with ($\star$). For such systems, we prove a global existence and boundedness result under corresponding smallness conditions on the initially present total mass of cells and the chemical gradient.
    Mathematics Subject Classification: Primary: 35B35, 35B40; Secondary: 92C17.


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