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February  2016, 36(2): 683-699. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2016.36.683

## Existence of solutions for a class of p-Laplacian type equation with critical growth and potential vanishing at infinity

 1 Department of Mathematics, Huazhong Normal University, Wuhan 430079 2 Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Wright State University, Dayton, OH 45435, USA, United States 3 Department of Mathematics, Huazhong Normal University, Wuhan, 430079

Received  July 2014 Revised  February 2015 Published  August 2015

In this paper, we study the existence of positive solution for the following p-Laplacain type equations with critical nonlinearity \begin{equation*} \left\{ \renewcommand{\arraystretch}{1.25} \begin{array}{ll} -\Delta_p u + V （x)|u|^{p-2}u = K(x)f(u)+P(x)|u|^{p^*-2}u, \quad x\in\mathbb{R}^N,\\ u \in \mathcal{D}^{1,p}(\mathbb{R}^N), \end{array} \right. \end{equation*} where $\Delta_p u = div(|\nabla u|^{p-2} \nabla u),\ 1 < p < N,\ p^* =\frac {Np}{N-p}$, $V(x)$, $K(x)$ are positive continuous functions which vanish at infinity, $f$ is a function with a subcritical growth, and $P(x)$ is a bounded, nonnegative continuous function. By working in the weighted Sobolev spaces, and using variational method, we prove that the given problem has at least one positive solution.
Citation: Yinbin Deng, Yi Li, Wei Shuai. Existence of solutions for a class of p-Laplacian type equation with critical growth and potential vanishing at infinity. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems, 2016, 36 (2) : 683-699. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2016.36.683
##### References:
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show all references

##### References:
  C. O. Alves and M. A. S. Souto, Existence of solutions for a class of nonlinear Schrödinger equations with potentials vanishing at infinitly, J. Diff. Eqns., 254 (2013), 1977-1991. doi: 10.1016/j.jde.2012.11.013.  Google Scholar  A. Ambrosetti, V. Felli and A. Malchiodi, Ground states of nonlinear Schrödinger equations with potentials vanishing at infinitly, J. Eur. Math. Soc., 7 (2005), 117-144. doi: 10.4171/JEMS/24.  Google Scholar  A. Ambrosetti and P. H. Rabinowitz, Dual varitional methods in critical point theory and applications, J. Funct. Analysis, 14 (1973), 349-381. doi: 10.1016/0022-1236(73)90051-7.  Google Scholar  A. Ambrosetti and Z. Q. Wang, Nonlinear Schrödinger equations with vanishing and decaying potentials, Diff. Integ. Eqns., 18 (2005), 1321-1332. Google Scholar  H. Brézis and E. Lieb, A relation between pointwise convergence of functions and convergence of functionals, Proc. Amer. Math. Soc., 88 (1983), 486-490. doi: 10.1090/S0002-9939-1983-0699419-3.  Google Scholar  H. Berestycki and P. L. Lions, Nonlinear scalar field equations. I. Existence of a ground state, Arch. Ration. Mech. Anal., 82 (1983), 313-345. doi: 10.1007/BF00250555.  Google Scholar  H. Brézis and L. Nirenberg, Positive solutions of nonlinear elliptic equations involving critical Sobolev exponents, Commun. Pure. Appl. Math., 36 (1983), 437-477. doi: 10.1002/cpa.3160360405.  Google Scholar  D. Bonheure and J. Van Schaftingen, Ground states for the nonlinear Schrödinger equation with potentials vanishing at infinitly, Annali Mat. Pura Appl., 189 (2010), 273-301. doi: 10.1007/s10231-009-0109-6.  Google Scholar  F. Catrina, M. Furtado and M. Montenegro, Positive solutions for nonlinear elliptic equations with fast increasing weights, Proc. Roy. Soc. Edinb. A, 137 (2007), 1157-1178. doi: 10.1017/S0308210506000795.  Google Scholar  Y. B. Deng, The existence and nodal character of the solutions in $\mathbbR^N$ for semilinear elliptic equation involving critical Sobolev exponent, Acta Math. Sci., 9 (1989), 385-402. Google Scholar  Y. B. Deng, L. Y. Jin and S. J. Peng, Solutions of Schrodinger Equations with Inverse Square Potential and Critical Nonlinearity, J. Diff. Eqns., 253 (2012), 1376-1398. doi: 10.1016/j.jde.2012.05.009.  Google Scholar  Y. B. Deng, Z. H. Guo and G. S. Wang, Nodal solutions for $p-$Laplace equations with critical growth, Nonlin. Analysis, TMA., 54 (2003), 1121-1151. doi: 10.1016/S0362-546X(03)00129-9.  Google Scholar  Y. B. Deng and Y. Li, On the existence of multiple positive solutions for a semilinear problem in exterior domains, J. Diff. Eqns., 181 (2002), 197-229. doi: 10.1006/jdeq.2001.4077.  Google Scholar  M. Escobedo and O. Kavian, Variational problems related to self-similar solutions of heat equations, Nonlin Analysis, TMA, 11 (1987), 1103-1133. doi: 10.1016/0362-546X(87)90001-0.  Google Scholar  M. F. Furtado, J. P. P. da Silva and M. S. Xavier, Multiplicity of self-similar solutions for a critical equation, J. Diff. Eqns., 254 (2013), 2732-2743. doi: 10.1016/j.jde.2013.01.007.  Google Scholar  G. B. Li, The existence of a weak solution of quasilinear elliptic equation with critical Sobolev exponent on unbounded domain, Acta Math. Sci., 14 (1994), 64-74. Google Scholar  P. L. Lions, The concentration-compactness principle in calculus of variations, The limit case Part I, Rev. Mat. Iber., 1 (1985), 145-201. doi: 10.4171/RMI/6.  Google Scholar  P. L. Lions, The concentration-compactness principle in calculus of variations, The limit case Part II, Rev. Mat. Iber., 1 (1985), 45-121. doi: 10.4171/RMI/12.  Google Scholar  B. Opic and A. Kufner, Hardy-Type Inequalities, Pitman Research Notes in Mathematics Series, 219. Longman Scientific & Technical, Harlow, 1990. Google Scholar  J. Serrin, Local behavior of solutions of quasilinear equations, Acta. Math., 111 (1964), 247-302. doi: 10.1007/BF02391014.  Google Scholar  D. Smets, Nonlinear Schrödinger equations with Hardy potential and critical nonlinearities, Trans. Amer. Math. Soc., 357 (2005), 2909-2938. doi: 10.1090/S0002-9947-04-03769-9.  Google Scholar  W. A. Strauss, Existence of solitary in higher dimensions, Commun. Math. Phys., 55 (1977), 149-162. doi: 10.1007/BF01626517.  Google Scholar  C. A. Swanson and L. S. Yu., Critical p-laplacian problems in $\mathbbR^N$, Annali Mat. Pura Appl., 169 (1995), 233-250. doi: 10.1007/BF01759355.  Google Scholar  P. Tolksdorf, Regularity for a more general class of quasilinear elliptic equations, J. Diff. Eqns., 51 (1984), 126-150. doi: 10.1016/0022-0396(84)90105-0.  Google Scholar  M. Willem, Minimax Theorems, Progress in Nonlinear Differential Equations and Their Applications, vol. 24, Birkhäuser, 1996. doi: 10.1007/978-1-4612-4146-1.  Google Scholar  X. P. Zhu, Nontrivial solution of quasilinear elliptic equation involving critical Sobolev exponent, Sci. Sinica., 31 (1990), 1161-1181. Google Scholar
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