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May  2006, 6(3): 493-523. doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2006.6.493

Dispersive evolution of pulses in oscillator chains with general interaction potentials

1. 

Weierstraß-Institut für Angewandte Analysis und Stochastik, Mohrenstraße 39, D-10117 Berlin, Germany

2. 

Weierstraß-Institut für Angewandte Analysis und Stochastik, Mohrenstraße 39, 10117 Berlin, Germany

Received  July 2005 Revised  November 2005 Published  February 2006

We study the dispersive evolution of modulated pulses in a nonlinear oscillator chain embedded in a background field. The atoms of the chain interact pairwise with an arbitrary but finite number of neighbors. The pulses are modeled as macroscopic modulations of the exact spatiotemporally periodic solutions of the linearized model. The scaling of amplitude, space and time is chosen in such a way that we can describe how the envelope changes in time due to dispersive effects. By this multiscale ansatz we find that the macroscopic evolution of the amplitude is given by the nonlinear Schrödinger equation. The main part of the work is focused on the justification of the formally derived equation: We show that solutions which have initially the form of the assumed ansatz preserve this form over time-intervals with a positive macroscopic length. The proof is based on a normal-form transformation constructed in Fourier space, and the results depend on the validity of suitable nonresonance conditions.
Citation: Johannes Giannoulis, Alexander Mielke. Dispersive evolution of pulses in oscillator chains with general interaction potentials. Discrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2006, 6 (3) : 493-523. doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2006.6.493
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