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Multiple bifurcations of a predator-prey system

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  • The bifurcation analysis of a generalized predator-prey model depending on all parameters is carried out in this paper. The model, which was first proposed by Hanski et al. [6], has a degenerate saddle of codimension 2 for some parameter values, and a Bogdanov-Takens singularity (focus case) of codimension 3 for some other parameter values. By using normal form theory, we also show that saddle bifurcation of codimension 2 and Bogdanov-Takens bifurcation of codimension 3 (focus case) occur as the parameter values change in a small neighborhood of the appropriate parameter values, respectively. Moreover, we provide some numerical simulations using XPPAUT to show that the model has two limit cycles for some parameter values, has one limit cycle which contains three positive equilibria inside for some other parameter values, and has three positive equilibria but no limit cycles for other parameter values.
    Mathematics Subject Classification: Primary: 34C25, 34C23; Secondary: 92D25.

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