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Bifurcations of a discrete prey-predator model with Holling type II functional response

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  • Recently a discrete-time prey-predator model with Holling type II was discussed for its bifurcations so as to show its complicated dynamical properties. Simulation illustrated the occurrence of invariant cycles. In this paper we first clarify the parametric conditions of non-hyperbolicity, correcting a known result. Then we apply the center manifold reduction and the method of normal forms to completely discuss bifurcations of codimension 1. We give bifurcation curves analytically for transcritical bifurcation, flip bifurcation and Neimark-Sacker bifurcation separately, showing bifurcation phenomena not indicated in the previous work for the system.
    Mathematics Subject Classification: 37G10, 39A05, 34C23, 92D30.


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