July  2010, 14(1): 233-250. doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2010.14.233

The saddle-node-transcritical bifurcation in a population model with constant rate harvesting

1. 

Faculty of Sciences and Mathematics, Universitas Pelita Harapan, Jl. M.H. Thamrin Boulevard, Tangerang, 15811, Indonesia

2. 

Faculty of Science, University of Ontario Institute of Technology, 2000 Simcoe St. N., L1H 7K4 Oshawa, Ontario, Canada

3. 

Department of Mathematics and Statistics, La Trobe University, Victoria 3086, Australia

Received  April 2009 Revised  March 2010 Published  April 2010

We study the interaction of saddle-node and transcritical bifurcations in a Lotka-Volterra model with a constant term representing harvesting or migration. Because some of the equilibria of the model lie on an invariant coordinate axis, both the saddle-node and the transcritical bifurcations are of codimension one. Their interaction can be associated with either a single or a double zero eigenvalue. We show that in the former case, the local bifurcation diagram is given by a nonversal unfolding of the cusp bifurcation whereas in the latter case it is a nonversal unfolding of a degenerate Bogdanov-Takens bifurcation. We present a simple model for each of the two cases to illustrate the possible unfoldings. We analyse the consequences of the generic phase portraits for the Lotka-Volterra system.
Citation: Kie Van Ivanky Saputra, Lennaert van Veen, Gilles Reinout Willem Quispel. The saddle-node-transcritical bifurcation in a population model with constant rate harvesting. Discrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2010, 14 (1) : 233-250. doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2010.14.233
[1]

Bing Zeng, Shengfu Deng, Pei Yu. Bogdanov-Takens bifurcation in predator-prey systems. Discrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems - S, 2020, 13 (11) : 3253-3269. doi: 10.3934/dcdss.2020130

[2]

Jicai Huang, Sanhong Liu, Shigui Ruan, Xinan Zhang. Bogdanov-Takens bifurcation of codimension 3 in a predator-prey model with constant-yield predator harvesting. Communications on Pure and Applied Analysis, 2016, 15 (3) : 1041-1055. doi: 10.3934/cpaa.2016.15.1041

[3]

Min Lu, Chuang Xiang, Jicai Huang. Bogdanov-Takens bifurcation in a SIRS epidemic model with a generalized nonmonotone incidence rate. Discrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems - S, 2020, 13 (11) : 3125-3138. doi: 10.3934/dcdss.2020115

[4]

Yukio Kan-On. Global bifurcation structure of stationary solutions for a Lotka-Volterra competition model. Discrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems, 2002, 8 (1) : 147-162. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2002.8.147

[5]

Li Ma, Shangjiang Guo. Bifurcation and stability of a two-species diffusive Lotka-Volterra model. Communications on Pure and Applied Analysis, 2020, 19 (3) : 1205-1232. doi: 10.3934/cpaa.2020056

[6]

Xun Cao, Xianyong Chen, Weihua Jiang. Bogdanov-Takens bifurcation with $ Z_2 $ symmetry and spatiotemporal dynamics in diffusive Rosenzweig-MacArthur model involving nonlocal prey competition. Discrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems, 2022, 42 (8) : 3747-3785. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2022031

[7]

Hebai Chen, Xingwu Chen, Jianhua Xie. Global phase portrait of a degenerate Bogdanov-Takens system with symmetry. Discrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2017, 22 (4) : 1273-1293. doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2017062

[8]

Hebai Chen, Xingwu Chen. Global phase portraits of a degenerate Bogdanov-Takens system with symmetry (Ⅱ). Discrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2018, 23 (10) : 4141-4170. doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2018130

[9]

Yukio Kan-On. Bifurcation structures of positive stationary solutions for a Lotka-Volterra competition model with diffusion II: Global structure. Discrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems, 2006, 14 (1) : 135-148. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2006.14.135

[10]

Xianyong Chen, Weihua Jiang. Multiple spatiotemporal coexistence states and Turing-Hopf bifurcation in a Lotka-Volterra competition system with nonlocal delays. Discrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2021, 26 (12) : 6185-6205. doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2021013

[11]

Xiao He, Sining Zheng. Protection zone in a modified Lotka-Volterra model. Discrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2015, 20 (7) : 2027-2038. doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2015.20.2027

[12]

Fátima Drubi, Santiago Ibáñez, David Rivela. Chaotic behavior in the unfolding of Hopf-Bogdanov-Takens singularities. Discrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2020, 25 (2) : 599-615. doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2019256

[13]

Michel Benaïm, Antoine Bourquin, Dang H. Nguyen. Stochastic persistence in degenerate stochastic Lotka-Volterra food chains. Discrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2022  doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2022023

[14]

Lin Niu, Yi Wang, Xizhuang Xie. Carrying simplex in the Lotka-Volterra competition model with seasonal succession with applications. Discrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2021, 26 (4) : 2161-2172. doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2021014

[15]

Yueding Yuan, Yang Wang, Xingfu Zou. Spatial dynamics of a Lotka-Volterra model with a shifting habitat. Discrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2019, 24 (10) : 5633-5671. doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2019076

[16]

Wentao Meng, Yuanxi Yue, Manjun Ma. The minimal wave speed of the Lotka-Volterra competition model with seasonal succession. Discrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2021  doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2021265

[17]

Juan Luis García Guirao, Marek Lampart. Transitivity of a Lotka-Volterra map. Discrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2008, 9 (1) : 75-82. doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2008.9.75

[18]

Qiuyan Zhang, Lingling Liu, Weinian Zhang. Bogdanov-Takens bifurcations in the enzyme-catalyzed reaction comprising a branched network. Mathematical Biosciences & Engineering, 2017, 14 (5&6) : 1499-1514. doi: 10.3934/mbe.2017078

[19]

Russell Johnson, Francesca Mantellini. A nonautonomous transcritical bifurcation problem with an application to quasi-periodic bubbles. Discrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems, 2003, 9 (1) : 209-224. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2003.9.209

[20]

Rui Xu, M.A.J. Chaplain, F.A. Davidson. Periodic solutions of a discrete nonautonomous Lotka-Volterra predator-prey model with time delays. Discrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2004, 4 (3) : 823-831. doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2004.4.823

2021 Impact Factor: 1.497

Metrics

  • PDF downloads (677)
  • HTML views (0)
  • Cited by (12)

[Back to Top]