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Qualitative analysis of a diffusive SEIR epidemic model with linear external source and asymptomatic infection in heterogeneous environment

  • * Corresponding author: Shangjiang Guo

    * Corresponding author: Shangjiang Guo 

Research supported by the NSFC (Grant Nos. 11671123 & 12071446) and by the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities, China University of Geosciences (Wuhan) (Grant No. CUGST2)

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  • This paper is devoted to an SEIR epidemic model with variable recruitment and both exposed and infected populations having infectious in a spatially heterogeneous environment. The basic reproduction number is defined and the existence of endemic equilibrium is obtained, and the relationship between the basic reproduction number and diffusion coefficients is established. Then the global stability of the endemic equilibrium in a homogeneous environment is investigated. Finally, the asymptotic profiles of endemic equilibrium are discussed, when the diffusion rates of susceptible, exposed and infected individuals tend to zero or infinity. The theoretical results show that limiting the movement of exposed, infected and recovered individuals can eliminate the disease in low-risk sites, while the disease is still persistent in high-risk sites. Therefore, the presence of exposed individuals with infectious greatly increases the difficulty of disease prevention and control.

    Mathematics Subject Classification: Primary: 58F15, 58F17; Secondary: 53C35.


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