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doi: 10.3934/dcdss.2021011
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A novel semi-analytical method for solutions of two dimensional fuzzy fractional wave equation using natural transform

1. 

Department of Mathematics, University of Malakand, Chakdara Dir (Lower), Khyber Pakhtunkhawa, 18000, Pakistan

2. 

Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Bahcesehir University, Istanbul, Turkey

3. 

Institute of IR 4.0, The National University of Malaysia, Bangi, Malaysia

4. 

Department of Law, Economics and Human Sciences & Decisions Lab, University Mediterranea of Reggio Calabria, Reggio Calabria, Italy

* Corresponding author: Ali Ahmadian

Received  June 2020 Revised  December 2020 Early access January 2021

In this research article, the techniques for computing an analytical solution of 2D fuzzy wave equation with some affecting term of force has been provided. Such type of achievement for the aforesaid solution is obtained by applying the notions of a Caputo non-integer derivative in the vague or uncertainty form. At the first attempt the fuzzy natural transform is applied for obtaining the series solution. Secondly the homotopy perturbation (HPM) technique is used, for the analysis of the proposed result by comparing the co-efficient of homotopy parameter $ q $ to get hierarchy of equation of different order for $ q $. For this purpose, some new results about Natural transform of an arbitrary derivative under uncertainty are established, for the first time in the literature. The solution has been assumed in term of infinite series, which break the problem to a small number of equations, for the respective investigation. The required results are then determined in a series solution form which goes rapidly towards the analytical result. The solution has two parts or branches in fuzzy form, one is lower branch and the other is upper branch. To illustrate the ability of the considered approach, we have proved some test problems.

Citation: Muhammad Arfan, Kamal Shah, Aman Ullah, Soheil Salahshour, Ali Ahmadian, Massimiliano Ferrara. A novel semi-analytical method for solutions of two dimensional fuzzy fractional wave equation using natural transform. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - S, doi: 10.3934/dcdss.2021011
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show all references

References:
[1]

N. A. Abdul Rahman and M. Z. Ahmad, Solving fuzzy fractional differential equations using fuzzy Sumudu transform, J. Nonlinear Sci. Appl., 10 (2017), 2620-2632.  doi: 10.22436/jnsa.010.05.28.  Google Scholar

[2]

H. AhmadA. R. SeadawyT. A. Khan and P. Thounthong, Analytic approximate solutions for some nonlinear parabolic dynamical wave equations, Taibah Uni. J. Sci., 14 (2020), 346-358.  doi: 10.1080/16583655.2020.1741943.  Google Scholar

[3]

S. Ahmed, A. Ullah, M. Arfan and K. Shah, On analysis of of the fractional mathematical model of rotravirous epidemic with the effect of breastfeeding and vaccination under Atangana-Baleanu (AB) derivative, Chaos Solitons Fractals, 140 (2020), 110233, 20 pp. doi: 10.1016/j.chaos.2020.110233.  Google Scholar

[4]

A. AliA. R. Seadawy and D. Lu, Computational methods and traveling wave solutions for the fourth-order nonlinear ablowitz-kaup-newell-segur water wave dynamical equation via two methods and its applications, Open Physics J., 16 (2018), 219-226.  doi: 10.1515/phys-2018-0032.  Google Scholar

[5]

M. Al-Refai and T. Abdeljawad, Analysis of the fractional diffusion equations with fractional derivative of non-singular kernel, Adv. Difference Equ., 2017 (2017), Paper No. 315, 12 pp. doi: 10.1186/s13662-017-1356-2.  Google Scholar

[6]

M. ArshadA. R. Seadawy and D. Lu, Modulation stability and optical soliton solutions of nonlinear schrödinger equation with higher order dispersion and nonlinear terms and its applications, Superlattice Microstr., 112 (2017), 422-434.  doi: 10.1016/j.spmi.2017.09.054.  Google Scholar

[7]

M. A. Asiru, Further properties of Sumudu transform and its applications, Internat. J. Math. Ed. Sci. Tech., 33 (2002), 441-449.  doi: 10.1080/002073902760047940.  Google Scholar

[8]

Z. Ayati and J. Biazar, On the convergence of Homotopy perturbation method, J. Egyptian Math. Soc., 23 (2015), 424-428.  doi: 10.1016/j.joems.2014.06.015.  Google Scholar

[9]

V. A. Baǐdosov, Fuzzy differential inclusion, J. Appl. Math. Mech., 54 (1990), 8-13.  doi: 10.1016/0021-8928(90)90080-T.  Google Scholar

[10]

F. B. M. BelgacemA. A. Karaballi and S. L. Kalla., Analytical, Investigations of the Sumudu transform and applications to integral production equations, Math. Prob. Eng., 2003 (2003), 103-118.  doi: 10.1155/S1024123X03207018.  Google Scholar

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[12]

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[13]

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B. EsmailH. Sadeghi Goghary and S. Abbasbandy, Numerical solution of linear Fredholm fuzzy integral equations of the second kind by Adomian method, Appl. Math. Comput., 161 (2005), 733-744.  doi: 10.1016/j.amc.2003.12.071.  Google Scholar

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N. FarahA. R. SeadawyS. AhmadS. T. R. Rizvi and M. Younis, Interaction properties of soliton molecules and Painleve analysis for nano bioelectronics transmission model, Optical and Quantum Electronics, 52 (2020), 1-15.   Google Scholar

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R. GoetschelJr . and W. Voxman, Elementary fuzzy calculus, Fuzzy Sets and Systems, 18 (1986), 31-43.  doi: 10.1016/0165-0114(86)90026-6.  Google Scholar

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F. HaqK. ShahG. Rahman and M. Shahzad, Numerical solution of fractional order smoking model via Laplace Adomian decomposition method, Alex. Eng. J., 57 (2018), 1061-1069.  doi: 10.1016/j.aej.2017.02.015.  Google Scholar

[24]

F. HaqK. ShahG. Rahman and M. Shahzad, Numerical analysis of fractional order model of HIV-1 infection of CD4+ T-cells, Comput. Method. Diff. Equs., 5 (2017), 1-11.   Google Scholar

[25]

M. A. HelalA. R. Seadawy and M. H. Zekry, Stability analysis of solitary wave solutions for the fourth-order nonlinear Boussinesq water wave equation, Appl. Math. Comput., 232 (2014), 1094-1103.  doi: 10.1016/j.amc.2014.01.066.  Google Scholar

[26]

T. HernandezRa sielV. R. RamirezA. Gustavo. I. Silva and U. M. Diwekar, A fractional calculus approach to the dynamic optimization of biological reactive systems. Part I: Fractional models for biological reactions, Chemical Eng. Sci., 117 (2014), 217-228.   Google Scholar

[27]

A. Heinz, A boundary element procedure for transient wave propagations in two-dimensional isotropic elastic media, Finite Elements in Analysis and Design, 1 (1985), 313-322.   Google Scholar

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R. Hilfer, Applications of Fractional Calculus in Physics, World Scientific, Singapore, 2000. doi: 10.1142/9789812817747.  Google Scholar

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M. Iqbal, A. R. Seadawy, O. H. Khalil and D. Lu, Propagation of long internal waves in density stratified ocean for the $(2+1)$-dimensional nonlinear nizhnik-novikov-vesselov dynamical equation, Results in Physics, 16 (2020), 102838. doi: 10.1016/j.rinp.2019.102838.  Google Scholar

[30]

M. Iqbal, A. R. Seadawy and D. Lu, Construction of solitary wave solutions to the nonlinear modified Kortewege-de Vries dynamical equation in unmagnetized plasma via mathematical methods, Modern Phys. Lett. A, 33 (2018), 1850183, 13 pp. doi: 10.1142/S0217732318501833.  Google Scholar

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O. Kaleva, Fuzzy differential equations, Fuzzy Sets and Systems, 24 (1987), 301-317.  doi: 10.1016/0165-0114(87)90029-7.  Google Scholar

[33]

Z. H. Khan and W. A. Khan, N-transform properties and applications, Nust. J. Eng. Sci., 1 (2008), 127-133.   Google Scholar

[34]

A. A. Kilbas, H. M. Srivastava and J. J. Trujillo, Theory and Application of Fractional Differential Equations, North-Holland Mathematics Studies, vol. 204, Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, 2006.  Google Scholar

[35]

V. Lakshmikantham, S. Leela and J. Vasundhara, Theory of Fractional Dynamic Systems, Cambridge Academic Publishers, Cambridge, UK, 2009. Google Scholar

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B. D. Liu, Fuzzy process, hybrid process and uncertain process, J. Uncertain Syst., 2 (2008), 3-16.   Google Scholar

[37]

D. Loonker and P. K. Banerji, Natural transform for distribution and Boehmian spaces., Math. Engg. Sci. Aerospace, 4 (2013), 69-76.   Google Scholar

[38]

D. LuA. R. Seadawy and A. Ali, Applications of exact traveling wave solutions of modified liouville and the symmetric regularized long wave equations via two new techniques, Results in Physics, 9 (2018), 1403-1410.  doi: 10.1016/j.rinp.2018.04.039.  Google Scholar

[39]

D. LuA. R. Seadawy and A. Ali, Dispersive traveling wave solutions of the equal-width and modified equal-width equations via mathematical methods and its applications, Results in Physics, 9 (2018), 313-320.  doi: 10.1016/j.rinp.2018.02.036.  Google Scholar

[40]

Y. S. OzkanE. Yasar and A. R. Seadawy, A third-order nonlinear schrödinger equation; the exact solutions, group-invariant solutions and conservation laws, Taibah Uni.J. Sci., 14 (2020), 585-597.   Google Scholar

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Y. Z. Povstenko, Fractional heat conduction equation and associated thermal stress, J. Thermal Stresses, 28 (2005), 83-102.  doi: 10.1080/014957390523741.  Google Scholar

[43]

M. Ur. Rahman, M. Arfan, K. Shah and J. F. Gómez-Aguilar, Investigating a non-linear dynamical model of Covid-19 diesease under fuzzy caputo, randum an ABC fractional order derivative, Chaos-Solitons and Fractals, 140 (2020), 110232. doi: 10.1016/j.chaos.2020.110232.  Google Scholar

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Figure 1.  Representation of three dimensional(3D) graph of fuzzy solution at four different fractional order of $ \theta $ with $ \texttt{y} = 0.5, \texttt{t} = 0.5, $ of example 1. The two similar color legends represents upper and lower portion of fuzzy solution respectively
Figure 2.  Representation of three dimensional(3D) graph of fuzzy solution at four other different fractional order of $ \theta $ with $ \texttt{y} = 0.5, \texttt{t} = 0.5 $ of example 1. The two similar color legends represents upper and lower portion of fuzzy solution respectively
Figure 3.  Representation of two dimensional(2D) graph of fuzzy solution at four different fractional order of $ \theta $ with $ \texttt{x} = 0.5, \texttt{y} = 0.5, \texttt{t} = 0.5 $ of example 1. The two similar color legends represents upper and lower portion of fuzzy solution respectively
Figure 4.  Representation of two dimensional(2D) graph of fuzzy solution at four other different fractional order of $ \theta $ with $ \texttt{x} = 0.5, \texttt{y} = 0.5, \texttt{t} = 0.5 $ of example 1. The two similar color legends represents upper and lower portion of fuzzy solution respectively
Figure 5.  Representation of comparison of fuzzy solution for upper and lower branches of example 1 by LADM and NTHPM in three dimension(3D). The two similar color legends represents upper and lower portion of fuzzy solution respectively
Figure 6.  Representation of comparison of fuzzy solution for upper and lower branches of example 1 by LADM and NTHPM in two dimension(2D). The two similar color legends represents upper and lower portion of fuzzy solution respectively
Figure 7.  Representation of three dimensional(3D) graph of fuzzy solution at four different fractional order of $ \theta $ with $ \texttt{y} = 0.5, \texttt{t} = 0.5 $ of example 2. The two similar color legends represents upper and lower portion of fuzzy solution respectively
Figure 8.  Representation of three dimensional(3D) graph of fuzzy solution at four other different fractional order of $ \theta $ with $ \texttt{y} = 0.5, \texttt{t} = 0.5 $ of example 2. The two similar color legends represents upper and lower portion of fuzzy solution respectively
Figure 9.  Representation of two dimensional(2D) graph of fuzzy solution at four different fractional order of $ \theta $ with $ \texttt{x} = 0.5, \texttt{y} = 0.5, \texttt{t} = 0.5 $ of example 2. The two similar color legends represents upper and lower portion of fuzzy solution respectively
Figure 10.  Representation of two dimensional(2D) graph of fuzzy solution at four other different fractional order of $ \theta $ with $ \texttt{x} = 0.5, \texttt{y} = 0.5, \texttt{t} = 0.5 $ of example 2. The two similar color legends represents upper and lower portion of fuzzy solution respectively
Figure 11.  Representation of comparison of fuzzy solution for upper and lower branches of example 2 by LADM and NTHPM in three dimension(3D). The two similar color legends represents upper and lower portion of fuzzy solution respectively
Figure 12.  Representation of comparison of fuzzy solution for upper and lower branches of example 2 by LADM and NTHPM in two dimension(2D). The two similar color legends represents upper and lower portion of fuzzy solution respectively
Figure 13.  Representation of three dimensional(3D) graph of fuzzy solution at four different fractional order of $ \theta $ with $ \texttt{y} = 0.5, \texttt{t} = 0.5, $ of example 3. The two similar color legends represents upper and lower portion of fuzzy solution respectively
Figure 14.  Representation of three dimensional(3D) graph of fuzzy solution at four other different fractional order of $ \theta $ with $ \texttt{y} = 0.5, \texttt{t} = 0.5 $ of example 3. The two similar color legends represents upper and lower portion of fuzzy solution respectively
Figure 15.  Representation of two dimensional(2D) graph of fuzzy solution at four different fractional order of $ \theta $ with $ \texttt{x} = 0.5, \texttt{y} = 0.5, \texttt{t} = 0.5 $ of example 3. The two similar color legends represents upper and lower portion of fuzzy solution respectively
Figure 16.  Representation of two dimensional(2D) graph of fuzzy solution at four other different fractional order of $ \theta $ with $ \texttt{x} = 0.5, \texttt{y} = 0.5, \texttt{t} = 0.5 $ of example 3. The two similar color legends represents upper and lower portion of fuzzy solution respectively
Figure 17.  Representation of comparison of fuzzy solution for upper and lower branches of example 3 by LADM and NTHPM in three dimension(3D). The two similar color legends represents upper and lower portion of fuzzy solution respectively
Figure 18.  Representation of comparison of fuzzy solution for upper and lower branches of example 3 by LADM and NTHPM in two dimension(2D). The two similar color legends represents upper and lower portion of fuzzy solution respectively
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