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Rational decay rates for a PDE heat--structure interaction: A frequency domain approach

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  • In this paper, we consider a simplified version of a fluid--structure PDE model ---in fact, a heat--structure interaction PDE-model. It is intended to be a first step toward a more realistic fluid--structure PDE model which has been of longstanding interest within the mathematical and biological sciences [33, p. 121], [17], [19]. This physically more sound and mathematically more challenging model will be treated in [13]. The simplified model replaces the linear dynamic Stokes equation with a linear $n$-dimensional heat equation (heat--structure interaction). The entire dynamics manifests both hyperbolic and parabolic features. Our main result is as follows: Given smooth initial data---i.e., data in the domain of the associated semigroup generator---the corresponding solutions decay at the rate $o( t^{-\frac{1}{2}}) $ (see Theorem 1.3 below). The basis of our proof is the recently derived resolvent criterion in [15]. In order to apply it, however, suitable PDE-estimates need to be established for each component by also making critical use of the interface conditions. A companion paper [6] will sharpen Lemma 5.8 of the present work by use of a lengthy and technical microlocal argument as in [26,29,30,31], to obtain the optimal value $\alpha =1$; hence, the optimal decay rate $o(t^{-1})$. See Remarks 1.2,1.3.
    Mathematics Subject Classification: Primary: 35M13, 93D20.


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