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Global minimization of Markov random fields with applications to optical flow

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  • Many problems in image processing can be posed as non-convex minimization problems. For certain classes of non-convex problems involving scalar-valued functions, it is possible to recast the problem in a convex form using a ``functional lifting'' technique. In this paper, we present a variational functional lifting technique that can be viewed as a generalization of previous works by Pock et. al and Ishikawa. We then generalize this technique to the case of minimization over vector-valued problems, and discuss a condition which allows us to determine when the solution to the convex problem corresponds to a global minimizer. This generalization allows functional lifting to be applied to a wider range of problems then previously considered. Finally, we present a numerical method for solving the convexified problems, and apply the technique to find global minimizers for optical flow image registration.
    Mathematics Subject Classification: 46N10, 68U10, 90C26.


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