# American Institute of Mathematical Sciences

December  2017, 9(4): 487-574. doi: 10.3934/jgm.2017019

## The physical foundations of geometric mechanics

 Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Queen's University, Kingston, ON K7L 3N6, Canada

Research supported in part by a grant from the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada.

Received  November 2015 Revised  May 2017 Published  October 2017

The principles of geometric mechanics are extended to the physical elements of mechanics, including space and time, rigid bodies, constraints, forces, and dynamics. What is arrived at is a comprehensive and rigorous presentation of basic mechanics, starting with precise formulations of the physical axioms. A few components of the presentation are novel. One is a mathematical presentation of force and torque, providing certain well-known, but seldom clearly exposited, fundamental theorems about force and torque. The classical principles of Virtual Work and Lagrange-d'Alembert are also given clear mathematical statements in various guises and contexts. Another novel facet of the presentation is its derivation of the Euler-Lagrange equations. Standard derivations of the Euler-Lagrange equations from the equations of motion for Newtonian mechanics are typically done for interconnections of particles. Here this is carried out in a coordinate-free rmner for rigid bodies, giving for the first time a direct geometric path from the Newton-Euler equations to the Euler-Lagrange equations in the rigid body setting.

Citation: Andrew D. Lewis. The physical foundations of geometric mechanics. Journal of Geometric Mechanics, 2017, 9 (4) : 487-574. doi: 10.3934/jgm.2017019
##### References:

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Research supported in part by a grant from the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada.

##### References:
A rigid transformation with spatial and body frames
Rod with tip constrained to move in a plane
Central torque-force on a rigid body in a configuration
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