Discrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems
September 2017 , Volume 37 , Issue 9
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We consider self-similar measures on
We consider a variational principle for approximated Weak KAM solutions proposed by Evans. For Hamiltonians in quasi-integrable form
We perform the asymptotic analysis of parabolic equations with stiff transport terms. This kind of problem occurs, for example, in collisional gyrokinetic theory for tokamak plasmas, where the velocity diffusion of the collision mechanism is dominated by the velocity advection along the Laplace force corresponding to a strong magnetic field. This work appeal to the filtering techniques. Removing the fast oscillations associated to the singular transport operator, leads to a stable family of profiles. The limit profile comes by averaging with respect to the fast time variable, and still satisfies a parabolic model, whose diffusion matrix is completely characterized in terms of the original diffusion matrix and the stiff transport operator. Introducing first order correctors allows us to obtain strong convergence results, for general initial conditions (not necessarily well prepared).
In this paper, we study the compressible bipolar Euler-Poisson equations with a non-flat doping profile in three-dimensional space. The existence and uniqueness of the non-constant stationary solutions are established under the smallness assumption on the gradient of the doping profile. Then we show the global existence of smooth solutions to the Cauchy problem near the stationary state provided the $H^3$ norms of the initial density and velocity are small, but the higher derivatives can be arbitrarily large.
The current paper is devoted to the study of spreading speeds and transition fronts of lattice KPP equations in time heterogeneous media. We first prove the existence, uniqueness, and stability of spatially homogeneous entire positive solutions. Next, we establish lower and upper bounds of the (generalized) spreading speed intervals. Then, by constructing appropriate sub-solutions and super-solutions, we show the existence and continuity of transition fronts with given front position functions. Also, we prove the existence of some kind of critical front.
A semilinear Timoshenko-Coleman-Gurtin system is studied. The system describes a Timoshenko beam coupled with a temperature with Coleman-Gurtin law. Under some assumptions on nonlinear damping terms and nonlinear source terms, we establish the global well-posedness of the system. The main result is the long-time dynamics of the system. By using the methods developed by Chueshov and Lasiecka, we get the quasi-stability property of the system and obtain the existence of a global attractor which has finite fractal dimension. Result on exponential attractors of the system is also proved.
For diffeomorphisms of line, we set up the identities between their length growth rate and their entropy. Then, we prove that there is
Also, we construct two examples:
1. there exists open subset
2. there exists
In this paper we continue our study [
In this paper, a reaction-diffusion system known as an autocatalytic reaction model is considered. The model is characterized by a system of two differential equations which describe a type of complex biochemical reaction. Firstly, some basic characterizations of steady-state solutions of the model are presented. And then, the stability of positive constant steady-state solution and the non-existence, existence of non-constant positive steady-state solutions are discussed. Meanwhile, the bifurcation solution which emanates from positive constant steady-state is investigated, and the global analysis to the system is given in one dimensional case. Finally, a few numerical examples are provided to illustrate some corresponding analytic results.
We prove a Caccioppoli type inequality for the solution of a parabolic system related to the nonlinear Stokes problem. Using the method of Caccioppoli type inequality, we also establish the existence of weak solutions satisfying a local energy inequality without pressure for the non-Newtonian Navier-Stokes equations.
Closed meanders are planar configurations of one or several disjoint closed Jordan curves intersecting a given line transversely. They arise as shooting curves of parabolic PDEs in one space dimension, as trajectories of Cartesian billiards, and as representations of elements of Temperley-Lieb algebras.
Given the configuration of intersections, for example as a permutation or an arc collection, the number of Jordan curves is unknown. We address this question in the special case of bi-rainbow meanders, which are given as non-branched families (rainbows) of nested arcs. Easily obtainable results for small bi-rainbow meanders containing at most four families in total (lower and upper rainbow families) suggest an expression of the number of curves by the greatest common divisor (gcd) of polynomials in the sizes of the rainbow families.We prove however, that this is not the case.
On the other hand, we provide a complexity analysis of nose-retraction algorithms. They determine the number of connected components of arbitrary bi-rainbow meanders in logarithmic time. In fact, the nose-retraction algorithms resemble the Euclidean algorithm.
Looking for a closed formula of the number of connected components, the nose-retraction algorithm is as good as a gcd-formula and therefore as good as we can possibly expect.
In this paper we are concerned with a multi-dimensional Bresse system, in a bounded domain, where the memory-type damping is acting on a portion of the boundary. We establish a general decay results, from which the usual exponential and polynomial decay rates are only special cases.
We obtain weighted
This paper is devoted to the study of the initial-boundary value problem for density-dependent incompressible nematic liquid crystal flows with vacuum in a bounded smooth domain of
In this paper we study two properties related to the structure of hyperbolic sets. First we construct new examples answering in the negative the following question posed by Katok and Hasselblatt in [[
We show that such examples are present in linear Anosov diffeomorophisms of
Also we construct new examples of sets that are not contained in any locally maximal hyperbolic set. The examples known until now were constructed by Crovisier in [
We propose a definition of average tracing of finite pseudo-orbits and show that in the case of this definition measure center has the same property as nonwandering set for the classical shadowing property. We also show that the average shadowing property trivializes in the case of mean equicontinuous systems, and that it implies distributional chaos when measure center is nondegenerate.
We consider Hölder continuous cocycles over hyperbolic dynamical systems with values in the group of invertible bounded linear operators on a Banach space. We show that two fiber bunched cocycles are Hölder continuously cohomologous if and only if they have Hölder conjugate periodic data. The fiber bunching condition means that non-conformality of the cocycle is dominated by the expansion and contraction in the base system. We show that this condition can be established based on the periodic data of a cocycle. We also establish Hölder continuity of a measurable conjugacy between a fiber bunched cocycle and one with values in a set which is compact in strong operator topology.
This paper is dedicated to studying the following Schrödinger-Poisson problem
In this paper we prove the almost sure existence of global weak solution to the 3D incompressible Navier-Stokes Equation for a set of large data in
We consider the following fully parabolic Keller-Segel system
over a multi-dimensional bounded domain
We study a class of
In this paper, we show that, as long as there are "
In this paper we prove that a postcritically finite rational map with non-empty Fatou set is Thurston equivalent to an expanding Thurston map if and only if its Julia set is homeomorphic to the standard Sierpiński carpet.
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