Discrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems
July 2020 , Volume 40 , Issue 7
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In this work we are going to consider the classical Hénon-Devaney map given by
We are going to construct conjugacy to a subshift of finite type, providing a global understanding of the map's behavior.We extend the coding to a more general class of maps that can be seen as a map in a square with a fixed discontinuity.
The principal aim of this paper is to construct an explicit sequence of weighted divergence free vector fields which accelerates the rate of convergence of planar Ornstein-Uhlenbeck diffusion to its equilibrium state. The rate of convergence is expressed in terms of the spectral gap of the diffusion generator. We construct an explicit sequence of vector fields which pushes the spectral gap to infinity. The acceleration of the diffusion results from the strong oscillation of the flow lines generated by the vector field.
We prove existence of solitary-wave solutions to the equation
for weak assumptions on the dispersion
We consider the Kawahara model and two fourth order semi-linear Schrödinger equations in any spatial dimension. We construct the corresponding normalized ground states, which we rigorously show to be spectrally stable.
For the Kawahara model, our results provide a significant extension in parameter space of the current rigorous results. In fact, our results establish (modulo an additional technical assumption, which should be satisfied at least generically), spectral stability for all normalized waves constructed therein - in all dimensions, for all acceptable values of the parameters. This, combined with the results of [
At the same time, we verify and clarify recent numerical simulations of the spectral stability of these solitons. For the fourth order NLS models, we improve upon recent results on spectral stability of very special, explicit solutions in the one dimensional case. Our multidimensional results for fourth order anisotropic NLS seem to be the first of its kind. Of particular interest is a new paradigm that we discover herein. Namely, all else being equal, the form of the second order derivatives (mixed second derivatives vs. pure Laplacian) has implications on the range of existence and stability of the normalized waves.
It has been shown by Le Jan that, given a memoryless-noise random dynamical system together with an ergodic distribution for the associated Markov transition probabilities, if the support of the ergodic distribution admits locally asymptotically stable trajectories, then there is a random attracting set consisting of finitely many points, whose basin of forward-time attraction includes a random full measure open set. In this paper, we present necessary and sufficient conditions for this attracting set to be a singleton. Our result does not require the state space to be compact, but holds on general Lusin metric spaces (in both discrete and continuous time).
In this paper, we will construct a new type of non-landing exponential rays, each of whose accumulation sets is bounded, disjoint from the ray and homeomorphic to the closed topologist's sine curve.
The approximation of the value function associated to a stabilization problem formulated as optimal control problem for the Navier-Stokes equations in dimension three by means of solutions to generalized Lyapunov equations is proposed and analyzed. The specificity, that the value function is not differentiable on the state space must be overcome. For this purpose a new class of generalized Lyapunov equations is introduced. Existence of unique solutions to these equations is demonstrated. They provide the basis for feedback operators, which approximate the value function, the optimal states and controls, up to arbitrary order.
We relate together different models of non linear acoustic in thermo-elastic media as the Kuznetsov equation, the Westervelt equation, the Khokhlov-Zabolotskaya-Kuznetsov (KZK) equation and the Nonlinear Progressive wave Equation (NPE) and estimate the time during which the solutions of these models keep closed in the
The dynamics of symbolic systems, such as multidimensional subshifts of finite type or cellular automata, are known to be closely related to computability theory. In particular, the appropriate tools to describe and classify topological entropy for this kind of systems turned out to be algorithmic. Part of the great importance of these symbolic systems relies on the role they have played in understanding more general systems over non-symbolic spaces. The aim of this article is to investigate topological entropy from a computability point of view in this more general, not necessarily symbolic setting. In analogy to effective subshifts, we consider computable maps over effective compact sets in general metric spaces, and study the computability properties of their topological entropies. We show that even in this general setting, the entropy is always a
The paper addresses the weak-strong uniqueness property and singular limit for the compressible Primitive Equations (PE). We show that a weak solution coincides with the strong solution emanating from the same initial data. On the other hand, we prove compressible PE will approach to the incompressible inviscid PE equations in the regime of low Mach number and large Reynolds number in the case of well-prepared initial data. To the best of the authors' knowledge, this is the first work to bridge the link between the compressible PE with incompressible inviscid PE.
We solve Cauchy problems for some
It has long been known that the set of primitive pythagorean triples can be enumerated by descending certain ternary trees. We unify these treatments by considering hyperbolic billiard tables in the Poincaré disk model. Our tables have
In this article, we consider the Schrödinger flow of maps from two dimensional hyperbolic space
We study a periodic-parabolic Droop model of two species competing for a single-limited nutrient in an unstirred chemostat, where the nutrient is added to the culture vessel by way of periodic forcing function in time. For the single species model, we establish a threshold type result on the extinction/persistence of the species in terms of the sign of a principal eigenvalue associated with a nonlinear periodic eigenvalue problem. In particular, when diffusion rate is sufficiently small or large, the sign can be determined. We then show that for the competition model, when diffusion rates for both species are small, there exists a coexistence periodic solution.
We show that the limit in our definition of tree shift topological entropy is actually the infimum, as is the case for both the topological and measure-theoretic entropies in the classical situation when the time parameter is
In this paper we study the incompressible non-inertial Qian-Sheng model, which describes the hydrodynamics of nematic liquid crystals without inertial effect in the
In this paper, nearly integrable system under almost periodic perturbations is studied
We consider the setting for the disappearance of uniform hyperbolicity as in Bjerklöv and Saprykina (2008 Nonlinearity 21), where it was proved that the minimum distance between invariant stable and unstable bundles has a linear power law dependence on parameters. In this scenario we prove that the Lyapunov exponent is sharp
In particular, we show that the Lyapunov exponent of Schrödinger cocycles with a potential having a unique non-degenerate minimum is sharp
We consider general linear neutral differential equations with small delays in the view of pseudo exponential dichotomy. For the autonomous case, we first count the eigenvalues in a certain half plane, which generalized the previous works on serval special retarded differential equations. We next establish the existence of a pseudo exponential dichotomy for the nonautonomous case, and prove that the corresponding spectral gap approaches infinity as the delay tends to zero. The proof for this large spectral gap induced by small delay is owing to exact bounds and exponents for pseudo exponential dichotomy. Then based on above results, we give an invariant manifold reduction theorem for nonlinear neutral differential equations with small delays. Finally, our results are applied to a concrete example.
This paper is concerned with the Cauchy problem for a two- component cubic Camassa-Holm system with peakons, which is a natural multi-component extension of the single Fokas-Olver-Rosenau-Qiao equation. By sufficiently exploiting the fine structure of the system, we derive two useful conservation laws which turns out an exponential increase estimate for the
We correct an error which has occurred in the proof of Lemma 4.1 in the paper "The lifespan of small solutions to cubic derivative nonlinear Schrödinger equations in one space dimension" [Discrete Contin. Dyn. Syst., 36 (2016), 5743-5761].
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