Communications on Pure and Applied Analysis
July & August 2021 , Volume 20 , Issue 7&8
Special issue in honor of Professor Shuxing Chen on the occasion of his 80th birthday
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We prove the unique existence of supersonic solutions of the Euler-Poisson system for potential flow in a three-dimensional rectangular cylinder when prescribing the velocity and the strength of electric field at the entrance. Overall, the main framework is similar to [
This paper is concerned with the time-asymptotically nonlinear stability of rarefaction waves to the Cauchy problem and the initial-boundary value problem in the half space with impermeable wall boundary condition for a scalar conservation laws with an artificial heat flux satisfying Cattaneo's law. In our results, although the
We are concerned with a two-dimensional Riemann problem for the pressure gradient system that is a hyperbolic system of conservation laws. The Riemann initial data consist of four constant states in four sectorial regions such that two shocks and two vortex sheets are generated between the adjacent states. The solutions keep the four constant states and four planar waves outside the outer sonic circle in the self-similar coordinates, while the two shocks keep planar until meeting the outer sonic circle at two different points and then generate a diffracted shock to connect these points, whose location is apriori unknown. Then the problem can be formulated as a free boundary problem, in which the diffracted transonic shock is the one-phase free boundary to connect the two points, while the other part of the sonic circle forms a fixed boundary. We establish the global existence of a solution and the optimal Lipschitz regularity of both the diffracted shock across the two points and the solution across the outer sonic boundary. Then this Riemann problem is solved globally, whose solution contains two vortex sheets and one global shock containing the two originally separated shocks generated by the Riemann data.
The present paper is concerned with the Dirichlet boundary value problem for nonlinear cone degenerate elliptic equations. First we introduce the weighted Sobolev spaces, inequalities and the property of compactness. After the appropriate energy functional established, we obtain the existence of infinitely many solutions in the weighted Sobolev spaces by applying the variational methods.
We are concerned with the stability of vortex sheet solutions for the two-dimensional nonisentropic compressible flows in elastodynamics. This is a nonlinear free boundary hyperbolic problem with characteristic discontinuities, which has extra difficulties when considering the effect of entropy. The addition of the thermal effect to the system makes the analysis of the Lopatinski
This paper studies the uniqueness of steady 1-D shock solutions in a finite flat nozzle via vanishing viscosity arguments. It is proved that, for both barotropic gases and non-isentropic gases, the steady viscous shock solutions converge under the
This paper concerns continuous subsonic-sonic potential flows in a two dimensional convergent nozzle, which is governed by a free boundary problem of a quasilinear degenerate elliptic equation. It is shown that for a given nozzle which is a perturbation of an straight one, and a given mass flux, there exists uniquely a continuous subsonic-sonic flow whose velocity vector is along the normal direction at the inlet and the sonic curve. Furthermore, the sonic curve of this flow is a free boundary, where the flow is singular in the sense that the speed is only
We study phase concentration for the Kuramoto-Sakaguchi(K-S) equation with frustration via detailed estimates on the dynamics of order parameters. The Kuramoto order parameters measure the overall degree of phase concentrations. When the coupling strength is sufficiently large and the size of frustration parameter is sufficiently small, we show that the amplitude order parameter has a positive lower bound uniformly in time, and we also show that the total mass concentrates on the translated phase order parameter by a frustration parameter asymptotically, whereas the mass in the region around the antipodal point decays to zero exponentially fast.
We present a second-order extension of the first-order Lohe Hermitian sphere (LHS) model and study its emergent asymptotic dynamics. Our proposed model incorporates an inertial effect as a second-order extension. The inertia term can generate an oscillatory behavior of particle trajectory in a small time interval(initial layer) which causes a technical difficulty for the application of monotonicity-based arguments. For emergent estimates, we employ two-point correlation function which is defined as an inner product between positions of particles. For a homogeneous ensemble with the same frequency matrix, we provide two sufficient frameworks in terms of system parameters and initial data to show that two-point correlation functions tend to the unity which is exactly the same as the complete aggregation. In contrast, for a heterogeneous ensemble with distinct frequency matrices, we provide a sufficient framework in terms of system parameters and initial data, which makes two-point correlation functions be close to unity by increasing the principal coupling strength.
We construct a supersonic-sonic smooth patch solution for the two dimensional steady Euler equations in gas dynamics. This patch is extracted from the Frankl problem in the study of transonic flow with local supersonic bubble over an airfoil. Based on the methodology of characteristic decompositions, we establish the global existence and regularity of solutions in a partial hodograph coordinate system in terms of angle variables. The original problem is solved by transforming the solution in the partial hodograph plane back to that in the physical plane. Moreover, the uniform regularity of the solution and the regularity of an associated sonic curve are also verified.
We study steady uniform hypersonic-limit Euler flows passing a finite cylindrically symmetric conical body in the Euclidean space
In this paper, we study the Cauchy problem for a special family of effectively damped wave models with nonlinear memory on the right-hand side. Our goal is to prove blow-up results for local (in time) Sobolev solutions. Due to the effective dissipation the model is parabolic like from the point of view of energy decay estimates of the corresponding linear Cauchy problem with vanishing right-hand side. For this reason we apply the test function method for proving our results.
We consider some system of complex vector fields related to the semi-classical Witten Laplacian, and establish the local subellipticity of this system basing on condition
This paper is concerned with the vanishing viscosity limit for the incompressible MHD system without magnetic diffusion effect in the half space under the influence of a transverse magnetic field on the boundary. We prove that the solution to the incompressible MHD system is uniformly bounded in both conormal Sobolev norm and
The state space for solutions of the compressible Euler equations with a general equation of state is examined. An arbitrary equation of state is allowed, subject only to the physical requirements of thermodynamics. An invariant region of the resulting Euler system is identified and the convexity property of this region is justified by using only very minimal thermodynamical assumptions. Finally, we show how an invariant-region-preserving (IRP) limiter can be constructed for use in high order finite-volume type schemes to solve the compressible Euler equations with a general constitutive relation.
In this paper, we consider 3D anisotropic incompressible Navier-Stokes equations with strong dissipation in the vertical direction. We shall prove that this system has a unique global strong solution and the norm of the vertical component of the velocity field can be controlled by the norm of the corresponding component to the initial data. Similar result can also be obtained for the horizontal components of the vorticity. In particular, we simplify our proofs to the well-posedness result in our previous paper [
We consider the asymptotic behavior of a linear model arising in fluid-structure interactions. The system is formed by a heat equation and a wave equation in two distinct domains, which are coupled by atransmission condition along the interface of the domains. By means of the frequency domain approach, we establish some decay rates for the whole system. Our results also showthat the decay of the fluid-structure interaction depends not only on the transmission of the damping from the heat equation to the wave equation, but also on the location of the damping for the wave equation.
We are concerned with the large-time asymptotic behaviors towards the planar rarefaction wave to the three-dimensional (3D) compressible and isentropic Navier-Stokes equations in half space with Navier boundary conditions. It is proved that the planar rarefaction wave is time-asymptotically stable for the 3D initial-boundary value problem of the compressible Navier-Stokes equations in
The present paper aims to give a review of a two-fluid type model mostly on large-data solutions. Some derivations of the model arising in different physical background will be introduced. In addition, we will sketch the proof of global existence of weak solutions to the Dirichlet problem for the model in one dimension with more general pressure law which can be non-monotone, in the context of allowing unconstrained transition to single-phase flow.
In this paper, we provide a classification to the general two-component Novikov-type systems with cubic nonlinearities which admit multi-peaked solutions and
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