Communications on Pure and Applied Analysis
January 2022 , Volume 21 , Issue 1
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We construct Green's functions for second order parabolic operators of the form
In this paper we continue the work that we began in [
where all the potentials
In this paper, we develop a new method to study Rabinowitz's conjecture on the existence of periodic solutions with prescribed minimal period for second order even Hamiltonian system without any convexity assumptions. Specifically, we first study the associated homogenous Dirichlet boundary value problems for the discretization of the Hamiltonian system with given step length and obtain a sequence of nonnegative solutions corresponding to different step lengths by using discrete variational methods. Then, using the sequence of nonnegative solutions, we construct a sequence of continuous functions which can be shown to be precompact. Finally, by utilizing the limit function of convergent subsequence and the symmetry of the potential, we will obtain the desired periodic solution. In particular, we prove Rabinowitz's conjecture in the case when the potential satisfies a certain symmetric assumption. Moreover, our main result greatly improves the related results in the literature in the case where
Reactive transport processes in porous media including thin heterogeneous layers play an important role in many applications. In this paper, we investigate a reaction-diffusion problem with nonlinear diffusion in a domain consisting of two bulk domains which are separated by a thin layer with a periodic heterogeneous structure. The thickness of the layer, as well as the periodicity within the layer are of order
We consider the nonlinear fractional elliptic system
This paper studies a family of generalized surface quasi-geostrophic (SQG) equations for an active scalar
In this paper we analyzed the integrability and asymptotic behavior of the positive solutions to the Euler-Lagrange system associated with a class of weighted Hardy-Littlewood-Sobolev inequality on the upper half space
Here, we consider positive singular solutions of
Marcinkiewicz integral operators on product domains defined by translates determined by twisted surfaces are introduced. Maximal functions along twisted surfaces are also introduced. Conditions on the underlined surfaces implying that the corresponding Marcinkiewicz integral operators map
We prove higher Sobolev regularity for bounded weak solutions to a class of nonlinear nonlocal integro-differential equations. The leading operator exhibits nonuniform growth, switching between two different fractional elliptic "phases" that are determined by the zero set of a modulating coefficient. Solutions are shown to improve both in integrability and differentiability. These results apply to operators with rough kernels and modulating coefficients. To obtain these results we adapt a particular fractional version of the Gehring lemma developed by Kuusi, Mingione, and Sire in their work "Nonlocal self-improving properties" Analysis & PDE, 8(1):57–114 for the specific nonlinear setting under investigation in this manuscript.
In this paper, we establish a large deviation principle for stochastic Burgers type equation with reflection perturbed by the small multiplicative noise. The main difficulties come from the highly non-linear coefficient and the singularity caused by the reflection. Here, we adopt a new sufficient condition for the weak convergence criteria, which is proposed by Matoussi, Sabbagh and Zhang [
In this paper we establish Lp-boundedness properties for variation operators defined by semigroups associated with Fourier-Bessel expansions.
We first prove that solutions of fractional p-Laplacian problems with nonlocal Neumann boundary conditions are bounded and then we apply such a result to study some resonant problems by means of variational tools and Morse theory.
In this work, we study the inverse scattering transform of a nonlocal Hirota equation in detail, and obtain the corresponding soliton solutions formula. Starting from the Lax pair of this equation, we obtain the corresponding infinite number of conservation laws and some properties of scattering data. By analyzing the direct scattering problem, we get a critical symmetric relation which is different from the local equations. A novel left-right Riemann-Hilbert problem is proposed to develop the inverse scattering theory. The potentials are recovered and the pure soliton solutions formula is obtained when the reflection coefficients are zero. Based on the zero types of scattering data, nine types of soliton solutions are obtained and three typical types are described in detail. In addition, some dynamic behaviors are given to illustrate the soliton characteristics of the space symmetric nonlocal Hirota equation.
The dynamical behavior of an SIRS epidemic reaction-diffusion model with frequency-dependent mechanism in a spatially heterogeneous environment is studied, with a chemotaxis effect that susceptible individuals tend to move away from higher concentration of infected individuals. Regardless of the strength of the chemotactic coefficient and the spatial dimension
We prove the existence and multiplicity of subharmonic solutions for bounded coupled Hamiltonian systems. The nonlinearities are assumed to satisfy Landesman-Lazer conditions at the zero eigenvalue, and to have some kind of sublinear behavior at infinity. The proof is based on phase plane analysis and a higher dimensional version of the Poincaré-Birkhoff twist theorem by Fonda and Ureña. The results obtained generalize the previous works for scalar second-order differential equations or relativistic equations to higher dimensional systems.
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