Inverse Problems and Imaging
December 2017 , Volume 11 , Issue 6
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The limited-angle projection data of an object, in some practical applications of computed tomography (CT), are obtained due to the restriction of scanning condition. In these situations, since the projection data are incomplete, some limited-angle artifacts will be presented near the edges of reconstructed image using some classical reconstruction algorithms, such as filtered backprojection (FBP). The reconstructed image can be fine approximated by sparse coefficients under a proper wavelet tight frame, and the quality of reconstructed image can be improved by an available prior image. To deal with limited-angle CT reconstruction problem, we propose a minimization model that is based on wavelet tight frame and a prior image, and perform this minimization problem efficiently by iteratively minimizing separately. Moreover, we show that each bounded sequence, which is generated by our method, converges to a critical or a stationary point. The experimental results indicate that our algorithm can efficiently suppress artifacts and noise and preserve the edges of reconstructed image, what's more, the introduced prior image will not miss the important information that is not included in the prior image.
Restoration of images contaminated by multiplicative noise (also known as speckle noise) is a key issue in coherent image processing. Notice that images under consideration are often highly compressible in certain suitably chosen transform domains. By exploring this intrinsic feature embedded in images, this paper introduces a variational restoration model for multiplicative noise reduction that consists of a term reflecting the observed image and multiplicative noise, a quadratic term measuring the closeness of the underlying image in a transform domain to a sparse vector, and a sparse regularizer for removing multiplicative noise. Being different from popular existing models which focus on pursuing convexity, the proposed sparsity-aware model may be nonconvex depending on the conditions of the parameters of the model for achieving the optimal denoising performance. An algorithm for finding a critical point of the objective function of the model is developed based on coupled fixed-point equations expressed in terms of the proximity operator of functions that appear in the objective function. Convergence analysis of the algorithm is provided. Experimental results are shown to demonstrate that the proposed iterative algorithm is sensitive to some initializations for obtaining the best restoration results. We observe that the proposed method with SAR-BM3D filtering images as initial estimates can remarkably outperform several state-of-art methods in terms of the quality of the restored images.
In this paper, we propose a new augmented Lagrangian method for the mean curvature based image denoising model [
We study a variational problem for simultaneous video inpainting and motion estimation. We consider a functional proposed by Lauze and Nielsen [
This work considers the problem of recovering small electromagnetic inhomogeneities in a bounded domain
This paper develops two accelerated Bregman Operator Splitting (BOS) algorithms with backtracking for solving regularized large-scale linear inverse problems, where the regularization term may not be smooth. The first algorithm improves the rate of convergence for BOSVS [
In this paper, we investigate the relations between the Radon and weighted divergent beam and cone transforms. Novel inversion formulas are derived for the latter two. The weighted cone transform arises, for instance, in image reconstruction from the data obtained by Compton cameras, which have promising applications in various fields, including biomedical and homeland security imaging and gamma ray astronomy. The inversion formulas are applicable for a wide variety of detector geometries in any dimension. The results of numerical implementation of some of the formulas in dimensions two and three are also provided.
In this paper, we introduce a direct method for the inverse scattering problems in a periodic waveguide from near-field scattered data. The direct scattering problem is to simulate the point sources scattered by a sound-soft obstacle embedded in the periodic waveguide, and the aim of the inverse problem is to reconstruct the obstacle from the near-field data measured on line segments outside the obstacle. Firstly, we will approximate the scattered field by some solutions of a series of Dirichlet exterior problems, and then the shape of the obstacle can be deduced directly from the Dirichlet boundary condition. We will also show that the approximation procedure is reasonable as the solutions of the Dirichlet exterior problems are dense in the set of scattered fields. Finally, we will give several examples to show that this method works well for different periodic waveguides.
We extend the applicability of the Generalized Linear Sampling Method (GLSM)[
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