Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - S
June 2017 , Volume 10 , Issue 3
Issue on nonlinear systems and applications in mathematical biology and physics
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This work is concerned with the properties of the traveling wave solutions of a one dimensional model of cell diffusion and aggregation, incorporating volume filling and cell-to-cell adhesion with net birth term
In this paper, we derive new state transformations of linear systems with a time-varying delay in the state vector. We first provide a new algebraic and systematic method for computing forward state transformations to transform time-delay systems into a novel form where time-varying delay appears in the input and output vectors, but not in the state vector. In the new coordinate system, a Luenberger-type state observer with a guaranteed
In this paper, we are concerned with a time periodic and diffusivepredator-prey model with disease transmission in the prey. Firstwe consider a
We first propose a concept of almost periodic functions in the sense of Stepanov on time scales. Then, we consider a class of neutral functional dynamic equations with Stepanov-almost periodic terms on time scales in a Banach space. By means of the contraction mapping principle, we establish some criteria for the existence and uniqueness of almost periodic solutions for this class of dynamic equations on time scales. Finally, we give an example to illustrate the effectiveness of our results.
By showing the existence of the fixed point of the condensing operators in the phasespace
Mixed-mode oscillations (MMOs) as complex firing patterns with both relaxation oscillations and sub-threshold oscillations have been found in many neural models such as the stellate neuron model, HH model, and so on. Based on the work, we discuss mixed-mode oscillations in the Av-Ron-Parnas-Segel model which can govern the behavior of the neuron in the lobster cardiac ganglion. By using the geometric singular perturbation theory we first explain why the MMOs exist in the reduced Av-Ron-Parnas-Segel model. Then the mixed-mode oscillatory phenomenon and aperiodic mixed-mode behaviors in the model have been analyzed numerically. Finally, we illustrate the influence of certain parameters on the model.
In this paper, using the weighted space method and a fixed point theorem, we investigate the Hyers-Ulam-Rassias stability of the nonlinear fractional differential equations with the right-sided Riemann-Liouville derivative on the continuous function space. We obtain some sufficient conditions in order that the nonlinear fractional differential equations are stable on the continuous function space. The results improve and extend some recent results. Finally, we construct some examples to illustrate the theoretical results.
In this paper, we study a coupled FitzHugh-Nagumo (FHN) neurons model with time delay. The existence conditions on Hopf-pitchfork singularity are given. By selecting the coupling strength and time delay as the bifurcation parameters, and by means of the center manifold reduction and normal form theory, the normal form for this singularity is found to analyze the behaviors of the system. We perform the bifurcation analysis and numerical simulations, and present the bifurcation diagrams. Some interesting phenomena are observed, such as the existence of a stable fixed point, a stable periodic solution, a pair of stable fixed points, and the coexistence of a pair of stable fixed points and a stable periodic solution near the Hopf-pitchfork critical point.
In this paper we consider the existence of Aubry-Mather sets and quasi-periodic solutions for a class of second order differential equation with a nonlinear damping term
In this paper, the stability problem of 1-d wave equation with the boundary delay and the interior control is considered. The well-posedness of the closed-loop system is investigated by the linear operator. Based on the idea of Lyapunov functional technology, we give the condition on the relationship between the control parameter α and the delay parameter k to guarantee the exponential stability of the system.
This paper is concerned with traveling waves for temporally delayed, spatially discrete reaction-diffusion equations without quasi-monotonicity. We first establish the existence of non-critical traveling waves (waves with speeds c>c*, where c* is minimal speed). Then by using the weighted energy method with a suitably selected weight function, we prove that all noncritical traveling waves Φ(x+ct) (monotone or nonmonotone) are time-asymptotically stable, when the initial perturbations around the wavefronts in a certain weighted Sobolev space are small.
In this paper, the hyperbolic-parabolic mixed type equation
with the homogeneous boundary condition is considered. We find that only a part of the boundary condition is able to ensure the posedness of the solutions. By introducing a new kind of entropy solution matching the part boundary condition in a special way, we obtain the existence of the solution by the $BV$ estimate method, and establish the stability of the solutions by the Kruzkov bi-variables method.
In this paper, we consider the dynamics of a generalized three-dimensional Hénon map. Necessary and sufficient conditions on the existence and stability of the fixed points of this system are established. By applying the center manifold theorem and bifurcation theory, we show that the system has the fold bifurcation, flip bifurcation, and Neimark-Sacker bifurcation under certain conditions. Numerical simulations are presented to not only show the consistence between examples and our theoretical analysis, but also exhibit complexity and interesting dynamical behaviors, including period-10, -13, -14, -16, -17, -20, and -34 orbits, quasi-periodic orbits, chaotic behaviors which appear and disappear suddenly, coexisting chaotic attractors. These results demonstrate relatively rich dynamical behaviors of the three-dimensional Hénon map.
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