Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - S
October 2021 , Volume 14 , Issue 10
Issue on recent advances in nonlinear dynamics and modeling
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In this work, we examine the oscillation of a class fractional differential equations in the frame of generalized nonlocal fractional derivatives with function dependent kernel type. We present sufficient conditions to prove the oscillation criteria in both of the Riemann-Liouville (RL) and Caputo types. Taking particular cases of the nondecreasing function appearing in the kernel of the treated fractional derivative recovers the oscillation of several proven results investigated previously in literature. Two examples, where the kernel function is quadratic and cubic polynomial, have been given to support the validity of the proven results for the RL and Caputo cases, respectively.
Crisis intervention in natural disasters is significant to look at from many different slants. In the current study, we investigate the existence of solutions for
with three criteria and under some boundary conditions which therein we use the concept of Caputo fractional
The aim of this paper is to study the calcium profile governed by the advection diffusion equation. The mathematical and computational modeling has provided insights to understand the calcium signalling which depends upon cytosolic calcium concentration. Here the model includes the important physiological parameters like diffusion coefficient, flow velocity etc. The mathematical model is fractionalised using Hilfer derivative and appropriate boundary conditions have been framed. The use of fractional order derivative is more advantageous than the integer order because of the non-local property of the fractional order differentiation operator i.e. the next state of the system depends not only upon its current state but also upon all of its preceeding states. Analytic solution of the fractional advection diffusion equation arising in study of diffusion of cytosolic calcium in RBC is found using integral transform techniques. Since, the Hilfer derivative is generalisation of Riemann- Liouville and Caputo derivatives so, these two are also deduced as special cases. The numerical simulation has been done to observe the effects of the fractional order of the derivatives involved in the differential equation representing the model over the concentration of calcium which is function of time and distance. The concentration profile of calcium is significantly changed by the fractional order.
We obtain the solutions of fractal fractional differential equations with the power law kernel by reproducing kernel Hilbert space method in this paper. We also apply the Laplace transform to get the exact solutions of the problems. We compare the exact solutions with the approximate solutions. We demonstrate our results by some tables and figures. We prove the efficiency of the proposed technique for fractal fractional differential equations.
Prostate cancer worldwide is regarded the second most frequent diagnosed cancer in men with (899,000 new cases) while in common cancer it is the fifth. Regarding the treatment of progressive prostate cancer the most common and effective is the intermittent androgen deprivation therapy. Usually this treatment is effective initially at regressing tumorigenesis, mostly a resistance to treatment can been seen from patients and is known as the castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC), so there is no any treatment and becomes fatal. Therefore, we proposed a new mathematical model for the prostate cancer growth with fractional derivative. Initially, we present the model formulation in detail and then apply the fractional operator Atangana-Baleanu to the model. The fractional model will be studied further to analyze and show its existence of solution. Then, we provide a new iterative scheme for the numerical solution of the prostate cancer growth model. The analytical results are validated by considering various values assigned to the fractional order parameter
New class of differential and integral operators with fractional order and fractal dimension have been introduced very recently and gave birth to new class of differential and integral equations. In this paper, we derive exact solution of some important ordinary differential equations where the differential operators are the fractal-fractional. We presented a new numerical scheme to obtain solution in the nonlinear case. We presented the numerical simulation for different values of fractional orders and fractal dimension.
In this research paper, the modified Khater method, the Adomian decomposition method, and B-spline techniques (cubic, quintic, and septic) are applied to the deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) model to get the analytical, semi-analytical, and numerical solutions. These solutions comprise much information about the dynamical behavior of the homogenous long elastic rods with a circular section. These rods constitute a pair of the polynucleotide rods of the DNA molecule which are plugged by an elastic diaphragm that demonstrates the hydrogen bond's role in this communication. The stability property is checked for some solutions to show more effective and powerful of obtained solutions. Based on the role of analytical and semi-analytical techniques in the motivation of the numerical techniques to be more accurate, the B-spline numerical techniques are applied by using the obtained exact solutions on the DNA model to show which one of them is more accurate than other, to explain more of the dynamic behavior of the homogenous long elastic rods, and to show the coincidence between the different types of obtained solutions. The obtained solutions verified with Maple 16 & Mathematica 12 by placing them back into the original equations. The performance of these methods shows the power and effectiveness of them for applying to many different forms of the nonlinear evolution equations with an integer and fractional order.
The present paper deals with the existence and multiplicity of solutions for a class of fractional
This paper studies a class of fourth point singular boundary value problem of
By a fuzzy controller function, we stable a random operator associated with a type of fractional stochastic Volterra integral equations. Using the fixed point technique, we get an approximation for the mentioned random operator by a solution of the fractional stochastic Volterra integral equation.
This paper studies an
The present work explore the dynamics of the cancer model with fractional derivative. The model is formulated in fractional type of Caputo-Fabrizio derivative. We analyze the chaotic behavior of the proposed model with the suggested parameters. Stability results for the fixed points are shown. A numerical scheme is implemented to obtain the graphical results in the sense of Caputo-Fabrizio derivative with various values of the fractional order parameter. Further, we show the graphical results in order to study that the model behave the periodic and quasi periodic limit cycles as well as chaotic behavior for the given set of parameters.
The principal aim of the present article is to study a mathematical pattern of interacting phytoplankton species. The considered model involves a fractional derivative which enjoys a nonlocal and nonsingular kernel. We first show that the problem has a solution, then the proof of the uniqueness is included by means of the fixed point theory. The numerical solution of the mathematical model is also obtained by employing an efficient numerical scheme. From numerical simulations, one can see that this is a very efficient method and provides precise and outstanding results.
In this paper, an effective analytical scheme based on Sumudu transform known as homotopy perturbation Sumudu transform method (HPSTM) is employed to find numerical solutions of time fractional Schrödinger equations with harmonic oscillator.These nonlinear time fractional Schrödinger equations describe the various phenomena in physics such as motion of quantum oscillator, lattice vibration, propagation of electromagnetic waves, fluid flow, etc. The main objective of this study is to show the effectiveness of HPSTM, which do not require small parameters and avoid linearization and physically unrealistic assumptions. The results reveal that proposed scheme is a powerful tool for study large class of problems. This study shows that the results obtained by the HPSTM are accurate and effective for analysis the nonlinear behaviour of complex systems and efficient over other available analytical schemes.
The intension of the recent study is to solve a class of biological nonlinear HIV infection model of latently infected CD4+T cells using feed-forward artificial neural networks, optimized with global search method, i.e. particle swarm optimization (PSO) and quick local search method, i.e. interior-point algorithms (IPA). An unsupervised error function is made based on the differential equations and initial conditions of the HIV infection model represented with latently infected CD4+T cells. For the correctness and reliability of the present scheme, comparison is made of the present results with the Adams numerical results. Moreover, statistical measures based on mean absolute deviation, Theil's inequality coefficient as well as root mean square error demonstrates the effectiveness, applicability and convergence of the designed scheme.
In this paper, we introduce the notion of rational Pata type contraction in the complete metric space. After discussing the existence and uniqueness of a fixed point for such contraction, we consider a solution for integral equations.
This paper studies the problem of stabilization of some coupled hyperbolic systems using nonlinear feedback. We give a sufficient condition for exponential stabilization by bilinear feedback control. The specificity of the control used is that it acts on only one equation. The results obtained are illustrated by some examples where a theorem of Mehrenberger has been used for the observability of compactly perturbed systems [
This paper is concerned with the asymptotic behaviors of solution to time–space fractional partial differential equation with Caputo–Hadamard derivative (in time) and fractional Laplacian (in space) in the hyperbolic case, that is, the Caputo–Hadamard derivative order
This paper aimed at obtaining the traveling-wave solution of the nonlinear time fractional regularized long-wave equation. In this approach, firstly, the time fractional derivative is accomplished using a finite difference with convergence order
The present article deals with the new estimates in the view of generalized proportional fractional integral with respect to another function. In the present investigation, we focus on driving certain new classes of integral inequalities utilizing a family of positive functions
This article is focused on the slip effect in the unsteady flow of MHD Oldroyd-B fluid over a moving vertical plate with velocity
In recent years, a new definition of fractional derivative which has a nonlocal and non-singular kernel has been proposed by Atangana and Baleanu. This new definition is called the Atangana-Baleanu derivative. In this paper, we present a new technique to obtain the numerical solution of advection-diffusion equation containing Atangana-Baleanu derivative. For this purpose, we use the operational matrix of fractional integral based on Genocchi polynomials. An error bound is given for the approximation of a bivariate function using Genocchi polynomials. Finally, some examples are given to illustrate the applicability and efficiency of the proposed method.
This study outlines a modiﬁed implicit ﬁnite difference method for approximating the local stable manifold near a hyperbolic equilibrium point for a nonlinear systems of fractional differential equations. The fractional derivative is described in the Caputo sense of order
The approximate solutions of a two-cell reaction-diffusion model equation subjected to the Dirichlet conditions are obtained. The reaction is assumed to occur in the presence of cubic autocatalyst which decays to an inert compound in the first cell. Coupling with the reactant is assumed to be cubic in the concentrations. A linear exchange in the concentration of the reactant is taken between the two cells. The formal exact solution is found analytically. Here, in this investigation, use is made of the Picard iterative scheme which is constructed and applied after the exact one. The results obtained are compared with those found by means of a numerical method. It is observed that the solution obtained here is symmetric with respect to the mid-point of the container.The travelling wave is expected due to the parity of the space operator and the symmetric boundary conditions. Symmetric patterns, including among them a parabolic one, are observed for a large time.
When the initial conditions are periodic, the most dominant modes travel at a constant speed for a large time. This phenomenon is highly affected by the rate of decay of the autocatalyst to an inert compound. The present work is of remarkably significant interest in chemical engineering as well as in other physical sciences. For example, in chemical industry, the objective is to achieve a great yield of a given product, which is carried by controlling the initial concentration of the reactant. Furthermore, in the last section on conclusions, we have cited many potentially useful recent works related to the subject-matter of this investigation in order to provide incentive and motivation for making further advances by using space-time fractional derivatives along the lines of the problem of finding approximate analytical solutions of the reaction-diffusion model equations which we have discussed in this article.
In this article, we have investigated certain definite integrals and various integral transforms of the generalized multi-index Bessel function, such as Euler transform, Laplace transform, Whittaker transform, K-transform and Fourier transforms. Also found the applications of the problem on fractional kinetic equation pertaining to the generalized multi-index Bessel function using the Sumudu transform technique. Mittage-Leffler function is used to express the results of the solutions of fractional kinetic equation as well as its special cases. The results obtained are significance in applied problems of science, engineering and technology.
In this paper, we study the positive solutions of the Schrödinger elliptic system
In this paper, we analyze the concept of observability in the case of conformable time-invariant linear control systems. Also, we study the Gramian observability matrix of the conformable linear system, its rank criteria, null space, and some other conditions. We also discuss some properties of conformable Laplace transform.
In this paper, we investigate radial symmetry and monotonicity of positive solutions to a logarithmic Choquard equation involving a generalized nonlinear tempered fractional
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