Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - S
November 2021 , Volume 14 , Issue 11
Issue on partial differential equations in fluids and solids
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This contribution deals with the analysis of models for phase-field fracture in visco-elastic materials with dynamic effects. The evolution of damage is handled in two different ways: As a viscous evolution with a quadratic dissipation potential and as a rate-independent law with a positively
A phenomenological model for polycrystalline NiTi shape-memory alloys with a refined dissipation function is here enhanced by a thermomechanical coupling and rigorously analyzed as far as existence of weak solutions and numerical stability and convergence of the numerical approximation performed by a staggered time discretization. Moreover, the model is verified on one-dimensional computational simulations compared with real laboratory experiments on a NiTi wire.
An effective system of partial differential equations describing the heat and current flow through a thin organic light-emitting diode (OLED) mounted on a glass substrate is rigorously derived from a recently introduced fully three-dimensional
We study a linearized Mullins-Sekerka/Stokes system in a bounded domain with various boundary conditions. This system plays an important role to prove the convergence of a Stokes/Cahn-Hilliard system to its sharp interface limit, which is a Stokes/Mullins-Sekerka system, and to prove solvability of the latter system locally in time. We prove solvability of the linearized system in suitable
A phase field model for tumour growth is introduced that is based on a Brinkman law for convective velocity fields. The model couples a convective Cahn–Hilliard equation for the evolution of the tumour to a reaction-diffusion-advection equation for a nutrient and to a Brinkman–Stokes type law for the fluid velocity. The model is derived from basic thermodynamical principles, sharp interface limits are derived by matched asymptotics and an existence theory is presented for the case of a mobility which degenerates in one phase leading to a degenerate parabolic equation of fourth order. Finally numerical results describe qualitative features of the solutions and illustrate instabilities in certain situations.
After the pioneering work by Giovangigli on mathematics of multicomponent flows, several attempts were made to introduce global weak solutions for the PDEs describing the dynamics of fluid mixtures. While the incompressible case with constant density was enlighted well enough due to results by Chen and Jüngel (isothermal case), or Marion and Temam, some open questions remain for the weak solution theory of gas mixtures with their corresponding equations of mixed parabolic–hyperbolic type. For instance, Mucha, Pokorny and Zatorska showed the possibility to stabilise the hyperbolic component by means of the Bresch-Desjardins technique and a regularisation of pressure preventing vacuum. The result by Dreyer, Druet, Gajewski and Guhlke avoids ex machina stabilisations, but the mathematical assumption that the Onsager matrix is uniformly positive on certain subspaces leads, in the dilute limit, to infinite diffusion velocities which are not compatible with the Maxwell-Stefan form of diffusion fluxes. In this paper, we prove the existence of global weak solutions for isothermal and ideal compressible mixtures with natural diffusion. The main new tool is an asymptotic condition imposed at low pressure on the binary Maxwell-Stefan diffusivities, which compensates possibly extreme behaviour of weak solutions in the rarefied regime.
A new concept of semi-compressible fluids is introduced for slightly compressible visco-elastic fluids (typically rather liquids than gasses) where mass density variations are negligible in some sense, while being directly controlled by pressure which is very small in comparison with the elastic bulk modulus. The physically consistent fully Eulerian models with specific dispersion of pressure-wave speed are devised. This contrasts to the so-called quasi-incompressible fluids which are described not physically consistently and, in fact, only approximate ideally incompressible ones in the limit. After surveying and modifying models for the quasi-incompressible fluids, we eventually devise some fully convective models complying with energy conservation and capturing phenomena as pressure-wave propagation with wave-length (and possibly also pressure) dependent velocity.
We consider a viscous, incompressible Newtonian fluid flowing through a thin elastic (non-cylindrical) structure. The motion of the structure is described by the equations of a linearised Koiter shell, whose motion is restricted to transverse displacements. The fluid and the structure are coupled by the continuity of velocities and an equilibrium of surface forces on the interface between fluid and structure. On a fixed in- and outflow region we prescribe natural boundary conditions. We show that weak solutions exist as long as the shell does not self-intersect.
We discuss different equilibrium problems for hyperelastic solids immersed in a fluid at rest. In particular, solids are subjected to gravity and hydrostatic pressure on their immersed boundaries. By means of a variational approach, we discuss free-floating bodies, anchored solids, and floating vessels. Conditions for the existence of local and global energy minimizers are presented.
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