Kinetic and Related Models
August 2021 , Volume 14 , Issue 4
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Systems of Vlasov-Poisson type are kinetic models describing dilute plasma. The structure of the model differs according to whether it describes the electrons or positively charged ions in the plasma. In contrast to the electron case, where the well-posedness theory for Vlasov-Poisson systems is well established, the well-posedness theory for ion models has been investigated more recently. In this article, we prove global well-posedness for two Vlasov-Poisson systems for ions, posed on the whole three-dimensional Euclidean space
In this work, we provide a result on the derivation of the incompressible Navier-Stokes-Fourier system from the Landau equation for hard, Maxwellian and moderately soft potentials. To this end, we first investigate the Cauchy theory associated to the rescaled Landau equation for small initial data. Our approach is based on proving estimates of some adapted Sobolev norms of the solution that are uniform in the Knudsen number. These uniform estimates also allow us to obtain a result of weak convergence towards the fluid limit system.
We consider the spatially inhomogeneous Boltzmann equation for inelastic hard-spheres, with constant restitution coefficient
The transition from a microscopic model for the movement of many particles to a macroscopic continuum model for a density flow is studied. The microscopic model for the free flow is completely deterministic, described by an interaction potential that leads to a coherent motion where all particles move in the same direction with the same speed known as a flock. Interaction of the flock with boundaries, obstacles and other flocks leads to a temporary destruction of the coherent motion that macroscopically can be modeled through density dependent diffusion. The resulting macroscopic model is an advection-diffusion equation for the particle density whose diffusion coefficient is density dependent. Examples describing ⅰ) the interaction of material flow on a conveyor belt with an obstacle that redirects or restricts the material flow and ⅱ) the interaction of flocks (of fish or birds) with boundaries and ⅲ) the scattering of two flocks as they bounce off each other are discussed. In each case, the advection-diffusion equation is strictly hyperbolic before and after the interaction while the interaction phase is described by a parabolic equation. A numerical algorithm to solve the advection-diffusion equation through the transition is presented.
As a first step towards the general global-in-time stability for the Boltzmann equation with soft potentials, in the present work, we prove the quantitative lower bounds for the equation under the following two assumptions, which stem from the available energy estimates, i.e. (ⅰ). the hydrodynamic quantities (local mass, local energy, and local entropy density) are bounded (from below or from above) uniformly in time, (ⅱ). the Sobolev regularity for the solution grows tempered with time.
The spectrum structure of the linearized Boltzmann operator has been a subject of interest for over fifty years and has been inspected in the space
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